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Acne



















             
            Acne is a skin condition that has plagued everyone or almost everyone at some point in his or her life. Normally acne arises during the teenage years but can also arise during infancy or persist into the twenties, thirties and forties. Acne is characterized by whiteheads, blackheads, pimples or zits.

                  Acne is caused by the pores in our skin becoming clogged. There are billions of pores all over the human body. Each pore contains a an opening for a follicle (for hair to grow) and an oil gland. Oil glands act as a protectant and lubricate the hair and skin. The oil glands keep the skin lubricated and help with the removal of old skin cells. If an oil gland produces too much oil it can become blocked. This leads to the build up of dirt, debris and bacteria also known to us as acne.



                When acne is referred to as whiteheads or blackheads its due to the color of the plug which is the top of the blockage in the oil gland. When people “pop” pimples, the material inside the blocked gland, which contains oil, dirt, debris and bacteria, comes out onto the skin. This can cause an inflammatory reaction to the skin surrounding the acne. Normally the reaction will go down within a day once you have removed the debris from the blocked gland. However in some instances if the inflammation is deep into the skin the pimples can become enlarged and inflamed. Enlarged pimples can form firm, painful cysts.
Acne commonly appears on the face, shoulders and back, however acne can appear all over the body. The reason that acne appears so commonly in teenagers is because of the hormonal changes that take place in the body. This can have a severe psychological effect on a kid’s self-esteem.

                There are several different kinds of acne treatment on the market. Many are unproven by the medical community and others can have severe adverse effects on one’s body or mind. First sign of results from acne remedies or treatments is between 2-3 weeks. Once on a treatment plan it normally takes the body 2-3 months to really show full improvement and dissipation of acne. Before you decide on an acne regimen you always want to research the product before use. Some treatments that have been proven effective include proper hygiene, topical bactericidal, topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, hormonal treatments, Intralesional steroid, Topical retinoids, oral retinoids, Dermabrasion, phototherapy, and laser.