Have you ever experienced red,
painful, swelling in a body part? This reaction in the body is called
inflammation. Inflammation is a normal response by the body to start the
healing process. Inflammation can occur for many reasons and be classified as
chronic or acute. Although the body regulates inflammation automatically,
chronic inflammation can lead to a host of additional diseases. Therefore
inflammation should be closely monitored to make sure it doesn’t persist longer
is the body’s way of protecting itself against harmful stimulus such as
pathogens, toxins or irritants. Acute inflammation is the initial response to
injury or disease that appears within minutes or hours after entering the body.
When acute inflammation occurs plasma and leukocytes (white blood cells) move
to the area of injury. Chemical reactions with in the cells and tissue cause
five distinct characteristics to appear. The five signs of inflammation are
pain, redness, immobility, swelling and heat. As blood flow to the affected area
increases, redness and heat appear. The more blood and fluid in the cells and
tissues causes swelling. As the
body releases chemicals the nerve endings are stimulated which causes pain.
Once the injurious stimuli have been removed then inflammation and all of its
symptoms will cease.
Acute inflammation has many causes such as physical injury,
disease, toxins, chemicals and irritants. Burns, cuts, scrapes, scratches or
broken bones all cause acute inflammation to occur quite rapidly with in the
body. Chemical irritants, toxins, and radiation depending upon exposure and
hazardousness may cause instant instant inflammation or may appear over a
longer period of time. Infections,
pathogens, foreign bodies, viruses, bacteria and hypersensitivity may be
delayed in showing signs of inflammation because they infect the body
inflammation persists because the stimuli cannot be removed then chronic
inflammation will follow. Chronic inflammation can last for days, weeks, months
or even years. It can also lead to a variety of inflammatory disease such as
hay fever, atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. Chronic
inflammation produces a reaction in the body to simultaneously destroy and heal
the tissue. As a result fibrosis occurs which causes collagen production and
ultimately scar tissue formation.
Chronic inflammation is a disease and should be treated immediately to
avoid any further formation of wounds or disease.
acute inflammation resolution occurs over a period of days. Tissue is restored
to normal appearance after regeneration and healing is complete. Cellular blood
flow, returns to normal and white blood cells return to normal status within
the body. Pain, redness welling should completely stop and mobility should be
completely restored. However in cases where chronic inflammation occurs,
whether from the start of from acute inflammation, a resolution can take longer
and be more difficult. Cellular destruction, fibrosis, scar tissue and abscess
formation are likely outcomes that can accompany chronic inflammation.
Treatment of chronic inflammation involves m, anti inflammatories,
changes in diet and exercise. Consult your physician to determine the best